Kings Mountain National Military Park

Description

After crossing the Broad River at Cherokee Ford, the mounted patriot militiamen gathered information from locals about where Major Ferguson and his loyalist army might me. A young woman shared that she had just that morning taken eggs to the major's encampment atop Little Kings Mountain. Major Chronicle knew the site well, having hunted there. The men rode on, arriving at the foot of the small promontory. The night's rain had softened the ground to reduce the sound of their horses's hooves. Neither did they raise a cloud of dust to warn of their approach. The men dismounted, tied up their horses and took with them only what they would need in battle--their rifles, their powder and shot, their tomahawks and their hunting knives. The final command went out: "Put fresh prime in your guns, boys, and every man go into battle resolved to fight until he dies." The parties broke into two columns and encircled the mountain. At 3 o'clock they turned and faced the mountain.

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Kings Mountain National Military Park

Photo by Randell Jones

The battle of Kings Mountain is interpreted at Kings Mountain National Military Park near Blacksburg, South Carolina. The Overmountain Victory National Historic Trail ends at the entrance to the park. [View Additional File Details]

U.S. Monument

Photo by Randell Jones

The U.S. Monument marks the spot atop Little Kings Mountain where Major Patrick Ferguson's forces were situated on the afternoon of October 7, 1780 as the battle began. The monument, 83 feet tall, was erected in 1909 through the efforts of the Daughters of the American Revolution. The Kings Mountain Chapter, NSDAR, had worked since 1899 to help acquire the battlefield and to revive interest in the significance of this battle. [View Additional File Details]

Interpretive trail with wayside exhibits

Photo by Randell Jones

A walking trail around and across the top of Little Kings Mountain offers wayside exhibits to interpret the events of the battle as they unfolded on Saturday, October 7, 1780. [View Additional File Details]

Centennial Monument

Photo by Randell Jones

This 28-foot high monument was erected in 1880 to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the Battle of Kings Mountain and to revive interest in the conflict's history. [View Additional File Details]

Marker for Major William Chronicle

Photo by Randell Jones

This stone and plaque was placed in 1930 by the DAR during the 150th anniversary celebration of the Battle of Kings Mountain. It commemorates the life and sacrifice of Major William Chronicle, one of the South Fork Boys, who died at this spot early in the battle as he urged his men onward with his hat raised high and his call, "Face the hill." [View Additional File Details]

Museum exhibits

Photo by Randell Jones

The Battle of Kings Mountain is skillfully interpreted at the visitor center through the extensive exhibits, displays, replicas, and artifacts in the museum. [View Additional File Details]

Ferguson Rifle

Photo by Randell Jones

British Major Patrick Ferguson was noted for his marksmanship and his improvements to a breech-loading rifle that enabled a skilled rifleman to load and fire seven times in a minute. Although Ferguson superiors declined to embrace his invention for general use, he at one time commanded a unit of expert marksmen. Recent studies have found that a few of Ferguson's rifles may be been present and perhaps used during the battle. [View Additional File Details]

Grave of Major Patrick Ferguson

The body of Major Patrick Ferguson was buried near where he fell during the battle. One of this two supposed mistresses, but nominally a cook, was buried with him. A long-standing Carolina tradition has been for visitors to bring a stone to toss on top of his grave. The pile was so large at one time that the National Park Service had to reduce its size by removing some stones. It is worth noting, that because Ferguson was a Scotsman, a pile of stones would have formed his burial cairn and perhaps honored him rather than disrespected him. The stone marker was added on October 7, 1930, by the citizens of the United States to acknowledge the friendship then existing between the United States of America and the United Kingdom. [View Additional File Details]

Wreath-laying ceremony at Kings Mountain

A wreath-laying ceremony is conducted at the U.S. Monument each October 7. Members of the Sons of the American Revolution organize the event. members of the Overmountain Victory National Historic Trail (OVTA) participate as militia escorts of representative organizations laying a wreath at the monument. [View Additional File Details]

Diorama of Battle of Kings Mountain

Photo by Randell Jones

The exhibits in the museum include this detailed diorama of fighting on the slope of Kings Mountain. [View Additional File Details]

3D model of Battle of Kings Mountain

Photo by Randell Jones

The museum at Kings Mountain National Military Park includes this 3d model of promontory with banks of lights showing the progress of the battle [View Additional File Details]

Cite this Page

Randell Jones, A Guide to the Overmountain Victory National Historic Trail, “Kings Mountain National Military Park,” Overmountain Victory National Historic Trail, accessed September 24, 2017, http:/​/​bythewaywebf.​webfactional.​com/​omvt/​items/​show/​13.​
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